Hello bloggers, today let us talk about the Caral ,that is an archaeological site in Lima, where the remains of the main city of the Caral civilization are found. Read more about.
The Caral is localized In the Peruvian desert, North of Lima, overlooking the Pacific Ocean is the oldest city in the Americas. Caral of the Supe Valley, it was built by the Little North civilization about 4500 years ago and it was a flourishing metropolis at the same time that the Egyptian pyramids were being built. What remains of this metropolis comprises an urban complex with squares, temples and an amphitheater. The Caral is an archaeological site where the remains of the main city of the Caral civilization are found. It is located in the valley of Supe, 181 kilometers north of Lima Peru, 22 km from the coast and 350 meters above sea level. It is attributed to an age of 5000 years and is considered the oldest city in America, as it is not So far, another older site with such a diversity of monumental buildings has been found on this continent, with different ceremonial and administrative functions. Since Sr Paul Kosok discovered the site about three hours north of Lima in 1948, the site has continued to surprise the scientific community, as it shows that Caral’s civilization was quite advanced in medicine, engineering, climatology, and the agronomy.In agreement with the archeologist Ruth Shady, Caral was designed to take advantage of the wind, channeling it through underground conduits to reach high temperatures through bonfires, which is known as the Venturi effect. This effect was discovered in 1740, but the Norte Chico knew about it almost 5,000 years ago. The site also includes laboratories where climatic events were projected and agricultural schedules were elaborated. Caral seems to have been used as a model for the urban design of the Andean civilizations in the following four millennia after its construction, and is the key to understanding the development of the first cities of the continent. Among the articles found in Caral is the Quipu, a data-recording instrument that involves knots tied in ropes. Although it is known that the Incas used the quipus, the researchers did not know that the system was so old, until the discovery of Caral. Other relics discovered in the area include many flutes made of condor bones and pelicans, horns made of deer and llama bones, and shicras, bags made of fiber from plants and used to carry the stones that were used for construction. From the temples, the scientists were provided with the perfect material for accurate carbon dating, allowing them to realize the real age of the site. If you are planning to travel to Lima, you can visit the archaeological site of Caral to learn about Norte Chico, the civilization was built on the Peruvian coast, and the elements of its culture were preserved by Inca civilization that emerged much later. You can reach the site by taking a bus from Lima to Huacho, Supe, or Baranca approx US $ 5, and then take a taxi to the ruins, approx US $ 20. The entrance costs US $ 7 for adults, and you can join a guided group on the site for US $ 6. If you take a taxi from Lima, it will cost US $ 100-140.The easiest option is to book a tour to Caral as a group, starting and ending in Lima, ensuring comfortable transportation, meals, and an English or Spanish speaking guide, while avoiding the need to take buses or organize Private transportation by only one or two people. Be sure to visit our tours in Lima on our website, and to learn about other exciting excursions that one can do in the capital of Peru. It has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. You can visit at the night too the Cara the archaeological site in the north of Lima, Peru.
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