The main square (Plaza de Armas) of Cuzco.

1.History

Plaza_de_Armas_del_Cuzco-1
Plaza de Armas Main Square of Cusco

Cusco are with its cobbled streets, its colonial-style houses and its enormous history, Plaza de Armas de Cusco is the center of the city’s cultural and social life. According to history, Manco Cápac arrived in the Cusco, then installed near where the square is today. The main square was dry during the time of the Inca empire, started by the Inca Sinchi Roca, and finished by the Inca Pachacútec, which used sand brought from the coastal coast. In era of the Empire, this square was the stage for popular and religious celebrations, such as Inti Raymi, in honor of the God of the Sun, celebrated on June 24th. If you visit Cusco at the time, be sure to watch the procession that starts in Koricancha and finish Sacsayhuamán. This celebration was banned by the Spanish, but not forgotten. In the mid-20th century, it began to perform again, albeit more as a representation of the original ceremony. Since initially, before the Incas, it was a swamp and then the square became the administrative, religious and cultural nucleus of the capital of what was one of the greatest empires in America and the world, we are talking about the Inca Society; later, with the arrival of the Spanish, the Plaza de Armas was surrounded by several buildings, such as mansions and temples, which were built in the Inca palaces that existed in the contour. In the time of the Incas, it was considered the religious and administrative center of the incanate, around the square were the palaces of Pachacútec, Huayna Cápac and Viracocha Inca. After the invasion by the Spanish, the Plaza de Armas was modified; the Spanish built on top of Inca palaces that already existed, like the cathedral and home of the Bishop of Cusco, etc. One of the most important events that took place in this square in 1781 was carried out a hero of Peruvian history who fought against the Spanish invaders, José Gabriel Condorcanqui Noguera, descendant of the last Inca of Vilcabamba, who leads the main indigenous and anti-colonial revolution, which took place on that continent. The rebellion was violent, suppressed and ends with the trial and execution of Tupac Amaru II in the Plaza de Armas of Cusco. Currently, Plaza de Armas is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful places in Cusco and is part of UNESCO.

2.Description

In the Plaza de Armas Cusco Main Square there is the Cathedral and the Church of the Society of Jesus, around the Plaza de Armas are also the Museum of Religious Art and the Convent and Church of La Merced. Just a block away is the very interesting Inca Museum.

3.Map of Cusco main square.

map-main-squere-of-cusco
map main square of Cusco

3.1 What buildings are there in the main square of Cuzco?

Plaza_de_Armas_del_Cuzco
Plaza_de_Armas_del_Cuzco

Today the Plaza de Armas, Cusco Main Square is located in the historic center of Cusco and is surround by tourist shops, travel agencies, jewelry stores and the colonial temples built around it remain as such, some of them also function as museums. You will see there like: the cathedral , the church of the society company of Jesus.


3.2 History of the stone fountain in the Plaza de Armas of Cuzco

In 1555, Captain Garcilaso de la Vega reportedly sent a stone fountain to the Plaza de Armas in the city of Cuzco. Soon after, in 1872, another stone fountain was installed, which is still in the square today. She had a sculpture of Inca Manco Capac, founder of the Inka empire, which in 2011 was replaced by another new statue of Inka Pachacutec.

3.3 The Cathedral of Cusco

catedral-cusco main square
catedral-cusco main square

Today the cathedral occupied at the site of the Viracocha Inca palace, she was built with blocks stolen from the Inca site of Sacsaywamán. Its construction began in 1559 and took almost a century. It is joined by Iglesia del Triunfo, from 1536, on the right, and Iglesia de Jesus María, from 1733, on the left. The Cathedral of Cusco or Basilica of the Virgin of the Assumption is the main temple and Christian religious monument in the city of Cusco, Peru.

3.4 Compañía de Jesus Church

church-of-society-of-jesus
church of society of jesus

Before was the “Amarucancha” palace, which belonged to Inca Huayna Capac. After the conquest of the Inca empire, the palace belonged to the Spanish conqueror Hernando de Pizarro. In 1571, this site was donated to Jesuit newcomers, so that they could build the Church of their Order. Its founder was San Ignacio de Loyola and from the first church built here, there is practically nothing left , after the earthquake that destroyed part of the most important buildings in Cusco in 1650. It has two external chapels attached to the main structure; to the north, the chapel of the Virgin of Loreto (since 1894 it has been known as the Chapel of the Virgin of Lourdes); and to the south, the chapel of San Ignacio de Loyola; to the Qosqo Artisans Society.

4. What activities to do in Cusco’s Plaza de Armas?

4.1 Visit the churches. Visit the following churches

4.2 Cathedral of Cusco

catedral-cusco main square
catedral cusco main square

Opening hours: Monday to Sunday, from 10 am to 6 pm – Cost: Entrance with the Religious Circuit Ticket or just for this monument with the following values. Partial adult: S /. 25.00 Partial student: S /. 12.50 – Address is Plaza de armas.

4.3 Church of the Society of Jesus

church-of-society-of-jesus
church-of-society-of-jesus


Monday to Saturday: from 08:00 to 11:00 and from 13:00 to 17:00 – Sundays From 09:00 to 22:30 and from 13:00 to 17:00 – Cost: Admission with the Religious Circuit Ticket or only for this monument with the following values: Partial adult: S / 10.00 – Partial student: S / 5.00

5. Visit some museums near the Plaza de Armas

5.1 Visit the Inka Museum

o museu inka
o museu inka

Located one block from Plaza de Armas, the museum is located in an old building from the early 17th century, built on ancient Inca foundations. The building that gives an idea of the beautiful colonial architecture in Cusco. In the past, the beautiful house was the palace of Admiral Francisco Aldrete Maldonado, therefore also called Casa del Almirante.
Opening hours Inca Museo Cusco: 08:00 – 18:00 during the week and from 09:00 to 16:00 on Saturdays. Price 10 Peruvian soles – Address: Calla Ataud.

5.2 Natural History Museum

Natural History Museum
Natural History Museum

The museum is managed by the university, houses a diverse collection of local animals and stuffed birds and more than 150 snakes from the Amazon. The entrance is on a street in Plaza de Armas, to the right of the Church of the Society of Jesus.
(Plaza de Armas; entrance 2 soles; opening hours: 9.00-17.00 lu-vi).

5.3 the Cuzco main saquere today

Cusco main square
Cusco main square

Currently tourist restaurants, jewelers, travel agencies, tourist shops, Starbucks and KFC franchises, Mc Donald, surround the square etc. The temples built around it remain as such and as museums. Most buildings maintain some Inca walls and more than all of their colonial style. The importance of the area makes it the most expensive in the city of Cusco. The square is still the place of celebration for many folk festivals in Cuzco, Santiraticuy, Corpus Christi, Easter, etc. and many other modern parties, such as the Patrias Festivities, Festas del Cuzco, New Year, etc. Plaza de Armas is sometimes the site of some free shows, delegation parades and political meetings. Currently, Plaza de Armas is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful places in Cusco and is part of UNESCO.

6. How to get to know Cusco main square?

• Take a free walking tour known as so free walking tours in Cusco
• Book your Classic City Tour of Cusco